Method #2. The biggest? But, for new territory, you will also need to know how to read maps and use a compass to guide your way. Includes types of compass, considerations and … Includes types of compass, considerations and … Learning to read a map and compass and navigate properly will instill a sense of self-reliance and skill that you won’t get from following the arrow on a GPS. GPS dead? 3. Be sure … Basic Map and Compass Navigation. Most compass-es are marked with the four cardinal points—north, east, south, and west—but some are marked additionally with the number of degrees in a circle (360: north is 0 or 360, east is 90, south is 180, and west is 270). Metal interferes with compasses’ magnetic needles, so avoid spreading your map out on a car hood. Learn to navigate using a topographic map and a compass. Place the map on a plane surface, then place the compass on the map and keep it steady for an accurate reading. (Translation: Magnetic to True: Add East.). For more information about magnetic declination and how to use your compass, we encourage you to view this page on the National Wildfire Coordinating Group website. Under this method, you start by orienting your map to the north by using your compass. If you already know your location, you can use your compass to figure out how to get to any point on your map. You should unfold the lensatic compass and ensure that the sighting line is level with the map. Finding your location with a compass. Below, we’ll cover both the basics and finer points of compass navigation. Put the map as flat as possible in front of you 2. Set your compass on the map so that the straight side of the baseplate lines up between your current position (1a) and the map location for a destination like a campsite (1b). Keeping these two simple items in your pack—and knowing how to use them—is a small step that could save you a lot of trouble. Learn how to use a baseplate compass with these 3 easy-to-follow tutorials. In this video, Krik of Black Owl Outdoors uses a Silva Ranger 515 CL compass, explains the basic pieces of a compass, shows you how to orient the map to your location, determine the direction of travel you want to go and then navigate through the terrain to your destination. Just follow these steps. © 2020 Recreational Equipment, Inc. All rights reserved. The ruled edge helps with triangulation and taking your bearings. In the continental U.S., declinations vary from 20 degrees east in parts of Washington state to 20 degrees west in parts of Maine. To Determine Percent of Slope and Angle of Slope. Once you’re an expert on orienteering, share the knowledge! Then identify your current location and the location you want to reach on the map. These maps are similar to simple topographical maps used to the navigate backcountry. Compass features. Read on. Before you can use a map to help you find your way, you’ll need to make sure you’re equipped with one that’s suitable for the type of traveling you’re doing. (Don't know how to do that? Read the number next to the index line—this is your bearing. 6. If you have trouble remembering that rule, try this mnemonic: Maps Tell Almost Everything. 2. Using your compass, orient your map so that north is pointing to true north. The easiest way to find the angle of declination is to check your map: most have declination diagrams, along with the date it was last revised. Method #2. Be sure to watch for contour lines and intervals, the greater the change in elevation you encounter, the longer the actual hiking distance, although the distance on the map remains the same. A compass relies only on Earth's magnetic fields. The apps work by utilizing your phone’s magnetometer. A “bearing” is simply a navigationally precise way to describe a direction. If you don’t adjust your compass to compensate, you’ll find yourself headed in the wrong direction. They don’t take batteries, don’t have screens to break, and don’t need software updates. 6. (Pro tip: make sure the fixed grid lines on your compass line up with the north-south grid lines on your map.). The direction of travel arrow is now facing the bearing you captured and you can follow it to your destination. However, the magnetic needle points to the magnetic north pole, not the true north pole.So, it might be precise, but usually, it is not. However, the magnetic needle points to the magnetic north pole, not the true north pole.So, it might be precise, but usually, it is not. After a simple calibration process, it can not only do whatever a compass can do, but can even lock onto a bearing well enough to tell you when you’ve gone astray. Hold the compass with the direction of travel arrow pointing away from you. The dial will be marked every two degrees to cover the full 360 degrees and will have the four main compass points of N,S,E,W. Adjustable Declination Compasses. Compass features become increasingly clear as you use them. Another popular and straightforward method of using a lensatic compass is the compass on the map method. Outdoor School Instructor Lindsay McIntosh-Tolle (REI Portland, Ore.), teaches classes in map and compass navigation and has been finding her way into spectacular backcountry destinations for more than 18 years. Using a map and compass to find your way. But smart phones and GPS can fail. Traveling by Compass. At REI, we believe that a life outdoors is a life well lived. Set the compass heading by rotating the dial until the letter 'N''for north'lines up with magnetic north indicated on the map. Place the compass on the map, and turn it so the direction of travel arrow is facing the same way you are. A look at the compass to see where the needle is pointing (and thus which direction you should orient the map) is the only concern. These tips, from backpacker and astronomy Ph.D. candidate Melodie Kao, will ensure that you never get lost in the dark again.*. 3. Your smartphone can do everything else, so it shouldn’t come as a surprise that it has a compass built into it. Adjustable Declination Compasses. Because declination changes over time, newer maps will have more accurate figures. Click Here To See The Comments Navigation is one of the most vital skills a survivalist needs. A compass can be very accurate if you use it the right way, but you need to learn it first as it may seem difficult for some. 2. c) At this point, you may want to use the scales on your compass (if available) to determine the distance you need to travel. From navigation to staying dry to predicting the weather, our primer will have you dialed. But here’s the thing: GPS units are electronic, and electronics fail at the most inopportune times. Make sure you never get lost again by mastering the underappreciated art of navigating with a compass and map. Place the corner of your compass’s baseplate on your location, then rotate your entire compass until the straightedge forms a line between your location and your destination. Before you can use a compass to navigate you need to be familiar with the main features. T hey are light weight and take up little space, yet are very dependable and when used in conjunction with and Ordnance Survey map, will ensure you find your way to your destination. Turn the whole compass, keeping one edge along your position, until the compass matches the maps north, and the meridian lines match North/South lines on the map. Before you can use a compass to navigate you need to be familiar with the main features. (Be sure the north marker on the bezel is pointing north on the map, not south.). If you have a lensatic compass, your steps may vary slightly. Our digital editor, a die-hard fan of lensatic compasses, recommends the Brunton Model 9077, a classic, durable military-style compass that will last for year. Which parts your compass has depends largely on what kind you carry. Intro to Navigation. Direction-of-travel arrow: Tells you which direction to point the compass when you’re taking or following a bearing. Want to master these techniques and more? Before you can adjust for it, you have to find the declination value in your trip area. If you don’t have one yet, read How to Choose a Compass. For any hiker, backpacker, or survivalist, a command of map and compass skill is critical to growth. Magnetized needle: located inside of the bezel, it always points to magnetic north, not true north. Origin longitude, east or west, in degrees, minutes and seconds. Following the same bearing from two different places will not get you to the same destination. It also gradually changes over time as the Earth’s tectonic plates shift. These educational resources are hand-picked from BBC Bitesize and the wider BBC. Take time to become familiar with your map and surroundings before you head off. Position the baseplate’s straight edge where one end is on point A (your current location). Now hold the compass on the map and rotate yourself and the map/compass together until the orienting arrow and the compass needle are aligned to magnetic north. And even in the age of GPS and smartphones, the most reliable way to make sure that you stay on track is by using a map and compass. Holding the compass level in front of you, turn your body until the north arrow on the bezel matches up with the compass’s needle. How to take a bearing Different kinds of maps exist for different uses. Move the compass so that the base is along point A (where you are), and the mirror is along point B (the other mountain). While entire books have been written about navigating with a compass, every compass Map & Compass 101 – Setting & Reading Headings • Step by Step 1 – 2 - 3 1– set your map on the ground; find where U are and where U want to go U R here 2– set your compass edge along a straight line from where U are to where U want to go 3 – turn the compass dial until The Orienteering lines are Parallel to the North / South Making sure that the direction of travel arrow remains pointed in the general direction of the landmark (6a), rotate the entire baseplate until the orienting lines are running north/south (6b) and the north marker on the bezel is pointing to north on the map (6c). Baseplate: Clear, so you can see the map below it, it has at least one straight edge for taking bearings and transferring them to your map. In that case, you should break the journey down into more manageable steps. How to Use Compass to Plot a Course. Navigation is one of the Ten Essentials and most outdoor speople take a compass with them on every adventure. Compass needle: this is the magnetic needle that This article covers the following concepts: Also read our companion article, How to Use a Topo Map. How helpful was this article? How to Use a Compass with a Map. This popular, easy-to-use handbook has been helping people find their way for more than fifty years. Set the compass on the map so the edge of the base plate (remember what that is?) Here is a very brief explanation of each method. That’s why a magnetized compass and a paper map—and the navigational knowhow to use them—are part of the Ten Essentials. Photo Credit: ATA. Using a compass and a map, you can find your location with a few simple steps. If you can find a third, even better. Baseplate: a clear back that lets you see the map underneath. Then take a class with the REI Outdoor School or another outdoor organization and practice these skills until you master them. Updated with current Web site information, photographs, and more, it covers traveling by map alone, by compass alone, or by map and compass together. Magnetized needle: The end that always points to the magnetic pole is usually colored red or white. Make sure the direction of travel arrow is pointing in the general direction of that campsite (in other words, it's not upside down). Put the compass anywhere on the map 3. In this video, Krik of Black Owl Outdoors uses a Silva Ranger 515 CL compass, explains the basic pieces of a compass, shows you how to orient the map to your location, determine the direction of travel you want to go and then navigate through the terrain to your destination. Learn how to use this indispensable tool and stay on track. This popular, easy-to-use handbook has been helping people find their way for more than fifty years. Compass Basics. Previous examples show the basic way compasses work. 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Triangle, recheck your work because you have a lensatic compass and.! Once you have at least one significant error because you have trouble remembering that,.

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