Point “Fred” at object Summary – Compass Basics • Compass parts – Mirror (cover), base, dial, needle, declination set screw (some models) • Uses – Determine a direction to travel – Determine direction to known object About the best thing you can possibly do is to add a small length of sturdy cord to your compass. How to use and read a compass, (if you are traveling any distance off the beaten path without a GPS device), is an essential survival skill. Next, turn the degree dial so that the orienting arrow lines up with the magnetic arrow inside the compass. Most of us know how to use the compass, but when using a … For these measurements we will use a Brunton compass like the one you see in the pictures above. A quick video showing you how to use and understand the basics of a compass But how do you use them? To find North: Hold the compass horizontally then rotate until the red arrow points to the red “N” . The first thing you need to learn, are the directions. HOW A COMPASS WORKS A thousand years ago, someone noticed that a magnetized needle floating in a bowl of water would swing around to point in a northerly direction. Using a compass is a life saving skill. If the map scale is 1:50 000, and your compass has the corresponding map measuring scale, use this to measure distance. Before we use your compass, we'll have to set the declination. Both kinds are easy to use … Construction of different types of compasses, the system of noting bearings of the lines, some problems associated with measurement with compass are explained and then field work involved in compass survey is presented. My compass didn't come with a cord attached, but it did have a lanyard hole. For the moment, don't worry about the north arrow. Beginners guide to using a compass Using land features instead. The protractor as well as the compass were instruments used in ancient Greece to solve geometry problems. Sight the horizon by looking through the horizon mirror, then move the sextant’s index arm until the object you’re trying to find is also visible on the horizon. Select a bearing (for example NW or 60). Plotting a bearing on a map using a round lensatic compass. A compass with a larger base is useful here for covering longer distances, but you can use a straight edge with a smaller compass. How to use a compass Lesson 1 - Using the compass alone. We’ll talk more about how they are used since this skill can be amazing for search-and-rescue missions, or for finding your way to somewhere that no one has ever been before. Now you can take a bearing on a real object. compass as well as a map. Hold the compass level - if the compass is tilted, the needle will touch the clear lid and not move correctly. If your compass lacks the corresponding map measuring scale , use the regular Metric ruler found on the edge of the baseplate . If your compass lacks the corresponding map measuring scale , use the regular Metric or Imperial Ruler found on the edge of the baseplate . This is a very easy lesson, and I would say, not sufficient for those who would like to travel safely in unfamiliar terrain. Students use a compass to determine bearings/direction. To use your lensatic compass to find the direction of your intended azimuth which you probably got from your map, using your protractor:. Associated Objective: Students will become familiar with navigational tools (map and compass) and demonstrate their ability to use them to navigate successfully. It can be more accurate than other compasses but it is harder to use and therefore should only be used once the basic principles of map and compass work have been mastered. Which parts your compass has depends largely on what kind you carry. Sighting the bearing. First, find the declination in your are by visiting NOAA Geomagnetic Data Then, follow the directions that came with your compass to set the declination properly. Using a compass to get a bearing to a distant target. We will begin by taking the strike of a bedding plane. Glacial Striations (Maine) M. J. Cooke How to Use a Compass to Find the Right Direction. Hold compass level 3. To use a compass, hold the compass flat on your outspread hand in front of your chest. We will use the convention that North is 0° or 360°, East is 90°, South is 180° and West is 270°. Navigators use a little verse to tell them whether to add or subtract the variation when applying it to the compass reading to get the true direction: “Variation east, compass least; variation west, compass … To use a sextant to find the angle of elevation of an object, you’ll need to know your elevation above sea level. Your own life or someone in your group could be saved by your ability to read a map and navigate your way to safety.. To become accomplished at taking bearings and converting them will require you to read carefully through the following directions and let the directions “sink in”. and the compass is pointing to your objective, you need to start walking Do not walk and look at the compass at the same time - It’s easy to veer off your bearing-You can’t see what’s in front and around you Find an intermediate point that is on your bearing, put your compass down and walk to this point, and repeat this until you get to your Learn how to use the lensatic compass used by the US Military. of compass parallel to the direction the feature plunges 2. Sighting with a Mirrored Compass • Hold the compass level with the mirror at about a 45° angle.! How to Use a Compass . Use common sense, such as knowing that if you are in North America, Europe, or Asia and heading anywhere towards the sun during the middle of the day, you are heading in a southerly direction. The compass card may have a sapphire cap and an agate point for its pivot. Today's compasses are easy to use. 8 RULER If the map scale is 1:50 000, and your compass has the corresponding map measuring scale, use this to measure distance. Page 2 Si vous utilisez une boussole Brunton munie d’un système de visée à miroir, ajustez-le de façon à qu’il reflète tout le cadran azimutal lorsque vous regardez la base. ! How to use a compass A compass is basically a 360o protractor that has a needle that will point to magnetic north. Proper use of a compass is a basic but essential skill in backcountry hiking, which often involves getting off marked trails The lensatic Read more. Compass bearings step 1: line up your points. With a compass, you can fi nd your way anywhere in the world. You can use a map and the parts on the compass, such as the needle, dial, cardinal and ordinal directions, and base plate, to guide you to a desired location. Prismatic compass - This is a more expensive type of compass with a prism which enables a compass bearing to be taken while sighting your objective. By referring to the north (red) end of the magnetic needle and lining it up with the orienting arrow (bed) that is imprinted on the bottom inside the compass housing, you can read the direction (number of degrees from north) you A Compass Is For Getting Your Bearings. Use of compass for measuring direction of a line simplifies the surveying to a great extent. Navigation is one of the Ten Essentials and most outdoor speople take a compass with them on every adventure. Then, look at the travel arrow on the baseplate of the compass … Step 2: Align to grid north. Read the white end of the compass needle Trend: The orientation of a line, in the direction that it is inclined. Even though these days, you might use your cell phone, an app, or the GPS system in your car to get directions, you can accomplish the same thing with a compass. Use your compass to check to see if you are correct. I use blaze orange tether cord because it's strong and will help me spot my compass if I drop it on the ground; How to Use a Compass Rotate DIAL on the compass until chosen bearing lines align Page 1 If you are using a Brunton compass that has a Sighting Mirror, adjust the mirror so that it reflects the entire compass dial as you look across the Figure 7C Base Plate. When you use the compass for navigation, don’t put any metal object near the compass. Get to Know Your Compass . As an alternative to using a compass to orientate your map, you can use your eyesight. How to use a compass for hiking in Australia. 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