daam-The copper coin run by Akbar which was equal to the 40th part of the rupee. Sher Shah’s pretense of withdrawing but a sudden attack at Humayun in the battle of Kannauj. Born in A.D. 1472, in the family of a jagirdar of Sasaram in Bihar and named as Farid.He went to Jaunpur, which was in those days a seat of Islamic learning and acquired knowledge in both Arabic and Persian. This rupee minus its inscription lasted throughout the Mughal period and was retained by the English East India Company up to 1835. There was debasement of the current coins and the absence of a fixed ratio between… Read more But in criminal cases, uniform Islamic law was applied to all. (a) Man Singh (b) Todarmal (c) Bhagwant Das (d) Birbal 191. ET traces the history of rupee from the British era to now. An ethnic Afghan, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1538. Akbar (1556 AD – 1605 AD) Akbar, his son, succeed him in 1556 AD. It continued to be minted, with altered inscription, by the Mughals and then by the British till 1913. Whether or not this is true, what is clear is that Sher Shah was one of the greatest Muslim rulers of India. 3) First coin with name 'Rupee' was introduced by Sher Shah Suri in 1545 4) The coins issued after 1840 bore the portrait of Queen Victoria 5) Acute shortage of silver during the First World War, led to the introduction of paper currency of One Rupee Deflection of Winds, Oceanic Currents & Coriolis Theory, Sectors of Economy: Primary and Secondary. Sher Shah carried out full-scale reforms in the country, introduced the rupee as the Indian currency and created a powerful state, however, Allah took his life during one of the military campaigns (Sher Shah died from the explosion of his own ammunition depot) after which his son could not retain the throne and lost the war to Humayun. He introduced a silver rupiya of standardised weight that retained its basic form into the 20th century. Sher Shah captured Delhi and established his own dynasty known as the Suri dynasty. At present, it is known as the Grand Trunk (GT) road. Discipline in the army: In the words of Qanungo, “The severe discipline in Sher Shah’s camp in one campaign was sufficient to turn a raw recruit into a seasoned veteran”. Sher Shah introduced a new coin called Dam. Sher Shah Suri abolished all these currencies & issued two new currencies made up of silver & copper. By killing a tiger alone he got the title ‘Sher’. After his accidental death in 1545 while sieging the Kalinjar fort , his son, Islam Shah, became his successor. Despite many attempts to introduce the sterling pound in India, the rupaiya grew in popularity and was even exported as a currency to other British colonies. Arriving at some sort of understanding with the ruler of Gujarat and keeping Humayun engaged in conflict with him. B. Among his many reforms was a complete overhaul of the monetary system. The currency reforms of Sher Shah were so lasting i.e. Currency Reforms: Although the Suri dynasty ruled for only a short period i.e. At the Battle of Kannauj in 1540 A.D. Sher Shah routed the Mughal forces under Humayun. Answer: For Killing a tiger; What was the extent of Sher Shah Suri's empire? Photo Source After India became independent in 1947, India’s monetary system remained unchanged for a while, with 1 rupee consisting of 64 pice. Sher Shah introduced comprehensive land reforms. So much is he famous for this supposed achievement, that even today, it is called Sher Shah Suri Marg. The name of the modern Indian currency is drawn from the same. He was the son of Hasan Khan, a jagirdar of Sasaram in Bihar . Gold coins were also introduced. TOS Sher Shah was a secular ruler who practised tolerance and welfare. Sher Shah took the following measures to strengthen his army. V.A. Sher Shah introduced a gold coin weighing 169 grains or 10.95 grams and called it ‘Mohar’. After his accidental death in 1545, his son Islam Shah became his successor. The 4th road built by Sher Shah connected Lahore to Multan. Sher Shah first introduced a silver currency called Rupya, weighed 178 grains (11.5342 grams, 1 grain = 64.7989 grams = 0.0647989 mg) and Akbar continued to issue the Rupya with his own name inscribed. It was a square or a square piece of pure silver (it was introduced by Sher Shah) and weighed 175 grains. Only two duties were allowed. PreserveArticles.com is an online article publishing site that helps you to submit your knowledge so that it may be preserved for eternity. Different types of mixed currencies were in circulation. Silver currency issued by him is known as Rupaiya. Sher Shah placed considerable emphasis on justice, as he used to say, “Justice is the most excellent of religious rites, and it is approved alike by the king of infidels and of the faithful“. His silver rupee coins weighed 180 grains, of which 175 grains were pure silver. Ans. He didn’t interfere in the education system of Hindus. Sher Shah also issued copper coins from different mints. Suri also introduced copper coins called dam and gold coins called mohur that weighed 169 grains (10.95 g). Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān, was the founder of the Suri Empire in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar. He reigned from 1556 to 1605 and extended Mughal power over most of the Indian subcontinent. He had the genius to see that government must be popularised and that the king must govern for the benefit to his subjects”. He ran away and got service under Governor of Jaunpur (Uttar Pradesh) Jamal Khan . He overthrew the Mughal rule in A.D. 1540 and once again revived the Aghan rule. During childhood, he did not get along with his father who had several wives. Coins of various Governments were allowed to circulate at the same time and they created a lot of confusion. Sher Shah constructed several roads to connect various parts of India. Match the following : Answer: C. Choose the correct answer: 1. The armies of the Lodhis were of the clannish feudal type, consisting … Farid acquired the name Sher Shah from supposedly having once killed a tiger with his bare hands. He reduced custom duties and built an excellent connection of roads, including Grand Trunk Road in Bihar, which was 1,600 miles (2500 Kilometers) long. Shēr Shah of Sūr, original name Farīd Khan, (born 1486?, Sasaram [India]—died May 22, 1545, Kalinjar), emperor of north India (1540–45) in the Islamic Sūr (Afghan) dynasty of 1540–57 who organized a long-lived bureaucracy responsible to the ruler and created a carefully calculated revenue system. Sher Khan, who also served in Haryana under Mathhi Khan and Jamal Khan, later on, built a tomb at Narnaul in the memory of his grandfather Ibrahim Khan. A relay system was used for the transportation of posts. Farid served under the Afghan governor of Bihar, Bahar Khan Lohani, Bahar Khan gave him the title Sher Khan for his bravery (as he killed a tiger). After his formal coronation, Sher Shah Suri issued coins in silver and copper and eliminated the billon from the series of Indian coins. The Sarai was used as Dak Chauki (PO). Mostly Afghans in the army: He recruited mostly Afghan soldiers from every part of the country and also from Afghanistan and gave them important posts in the army. 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