Today, the Dole Plantation is one of Hawaii’s top attractions. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. This 1927 advertisement emphasizes the “cleanliness” of the Dole Pineapple Plant by explaining how its “thousands of workers—like a host of dainty cooks—wear snowy caps and aprons.” Image from Stuart Woodfin. Dole’s success came from his capitalizing on Hawaiian bodies and a Hawaiian aesthetic to appeal to white American consumers who were led to believe that HawaiÊ»i was a far-off and exotic place. We may request cookies to be set on your device. On Maui check out the pineapple tour in the upcountry plantation town of Hali’imaile. They became a gourmet treat to wealthy Europeans when Christopher Columbus returned with them from the “new world” in the late 1400s. Edge Effects is a digital magazine about environmental issues produced by graduate students at the Center for Culture, History, and Environment (CHE), a research center within the Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. 22-year-old James D. Dole arrived in 1899 to take up a settlement of a 64-acre coffee farm homestead in Wahiawa. Early advertisements from the Hawaiian Pineapple Company in the 1910s and 1920s featured images of the fruit itself, emphasizing its ripeness and its exotic and other-worldly flavors by asking, “But have you tasted this most delicious fruit?” before proclaiming “It’s so different.” These same advertisements frequently emphasized domesticity, with scenes of mothers and children at the dinner table, and increasingly emphasized the palm trees and cliffs of the Hawaiian landscape, before eventually coopting Hawaiian bodies themselves. He became known as Hawaii’s “Pineapple King” when he began a national magazine ad campaign promoting his canned pineapples which were successful. Key to his success was the canning of pineapple, as it enabled the fruit to survive the long voyage to markets in the eastern United States. The caption tells the reader to “Grab pleasure in full measure,” and declared that Dole’s Pineapple juice is “Pure—unsweetened—natural!” Another Dole Pineapple ad from 1941 shows a group of white people dressed in evening attire, with leis around their necks, drinking pineapple juice while metaphorically consuming a figurative HawaiÊ»i. Dole Plantation: Pineapples - See 6,070 traveller reviews, 4,630 candid photos, and great deals for Wahiawa, HI, at Tripadvisor. The story told to tourists is remarkably similar to the one in Marion Hale’s 1927 publication, one that easily misleads visitors about the history of the company and the larger fruit industry. James Drummond Dole obtained a bachelor’s degree in agriculture from Harvard University’s Bussey Institute in 1899 and soon found himself in Hawaii. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. By the 1980s, canned pineapple had dropped in market value, causing the company to return to the sale of fresh pineapple in local markets. We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. In order to keep up with labor demands, particularly as the Native Hawaiian population was decimated by disease, workers were recruited from China, Japan, the Philippines, and Portugal. When he came ashore, King Kalaniopu’u showed Cook a Spanish sword and shared with him stories of a Spanish ship. The store is really cool and the pineapple cutting demonstration taught us the proper way to cut the fruit. The Dole Plantation features the world’s largest maze covering over three acres with paths traversing nearly 2 ½ miles, all in the shape of a pineapple. The implementation of modern chemicals, particularly pesticides and herbicides, actually had adverse effects on workers. Few moments in history caused as much change to the world as the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7th 1941. James Dole was not the first in his family to settle in HawaiÊ»i. Though the wild growing pineapples from the Big Island of Hawaii were his first crop the nurseryman from London thought they were of poor quality, so he planted 31 different species of pineapples on his 5-acre farm. Two faceless brown women wearing little clothing become part of the scenery, as the white foreigners very literally act out an imperialist attitude claiming the globe as their own. By the time New England Protestant missionaries began to arrive in 1820 pineapples could be found growing wild and in private gardens and small plots. All Rights Reserved. Prominent Native Hawaiian activist and nationalist Haunani-Kay Trask staunchly opposes tourism in the islands. Dole Plantation: Pineapples! You’ll see Pearl Harbor, the Dole Plantation, and the Polynesian Cultural Center. Look out for plantations, film sites, and more! In 1923 we packed 2,038,671 cases, or 43,497,828 cans. October 17, 2019. Plantation home of Dole pineapples, complete with a narrow gauge train tour of actual working fields, an absolutely beautiful walking tour of the Plantation gardens that include flowers and native plants that are out of this world. Cut into bite-size pieces. This is the ninth piece in a series on the Plantationocene—an alternate name for the epoch often called the Anthropocene. Polynesian Cultural Center Tour From Maui, Kauai or Big Island. Taste the sweetness of DOLE® Royal Hawaiian® Tropical Gold Pineapples® shipped direct to you from Hawaii. These efforts resulted in a massive land grab from the Hawaiian people as stolen land was sold to Anglo-American businessmen and investors. For pineapple "boats" leave on the crown and both ends on the pineapple. This consolidated the wealth and influence of corporations like the Hawaiian Big Five, all of which were owned by the haole elite. Our small group tours and wonderful guides make our tours a great value. By continuing to browse the site, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. Using a thin paring knife remove shell from fruit. The plantation still grows and exports pineapples, although now on a much smaller scale. Originally found in the South American lowlands of Paraguay, they were carried aboard trade ships as far away as Europe, Mexico, China, India, and Australia. His cousin, Sanford B Dole, was then president of the newly annexed American Territory of Hawaii. Despite the image of HawaiÊ»i as a labor-less and carefree paradise, the operation of the pineapple industry required demanding physical labor, frequently performed by women, as the pineapple industry has historically been one of the largest employers of women on the islands. ... Dole Plantation Videos Pineapples on parade! After some experimentation, I concluded that the land was better adapted to pineapples than to peas, pigs or potatoes, and accordingly concentrated on that fruit. The influx of foreign business transformed not only the Hawaiian landscape, but also the economy and demography of the islands.  While early commerce revolved around the whaling industry and merchant trade, investors increasingly saw economic potential in commercial agriculture. “I landed in Honolulu on November 16, 1899; and within two weeks found the town quarantined for six months by an outbreak of bubonic plague. The production of sugar began as a small enterprise alongside a variety of export crops, but the U.S. increasingly came to depend on it during the Civil War. Dole Plantation Things to Do Of course, pineapple is king here and delicious offerings abound. Despite the economic significance of tourism in HawaiÊ»i, the industry has led to environmental destruction and continues to displace Native Hawaiians as they are forced from neighborhoods as real estate prices climb. For decades, American politicians had debated the possibility of annexing the Hawaiian Islands because of its economic and agricultural value, in which sugar ran supreme, as well as its strategic position in the Pacific, but were faced with resistance from the Hawaiian people and anti-imperialists. Image from Wikimedia Commons. Dole is also the one who is responsible for pineapple production on the island of Lanai, once known as the "Pineapple Island. It is one of the few permanent botanical mazes in the US. Today only two plantations remain. The predominance of the English language amongst company superiors further underscores the erasure of Hawaiian voices within the company. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. Pineapple growing created the necessity for a market, and in order to enlarge the market to the entire United States (and other countries) and to extend the marketing season throughout the entire year, a cannery seemed necessary. The fruits were picked green to avoid rotting while in transit to ship them to the U.S., but this resulted in a poor quality fruit. By far the largest was James Dole’s Hawaiian Pineapple Company (often shortened to HAPCO), with vast plantations on Oahu and Lana`i and a cannery in Honolulu, employing about 3,000 permanent and 4,000 seasonal employees. In July, I bought a government homestead of sixty-four acres, twenty-three miles from Honolulu, and on August 1, 1900, I took up my residence thereon as a farmer—unquestionably of the “dirt” variety. 0:05. There is no easier way to bring a taste of the exotic to your everyday. The fish feeding pond is popular with the kiddos. This is an ideal way to experience "Old Hawaii" and learn the history of the entire island chain. At one point, the island of Lanai was owned by the Hawaii Pineapple Company, now known as the Dole Food Company, and was the primary island where pineapples were grown. A mere 25 miles north of Honolulu’s Waikiki Beach on the island of Oahu, pineapples continue to sprout from the rich, red soil at the Dole Plantation. By selling the pineapple as distinctly Hawaiian, “a label assumed by white usurpers of the kingdom for legitimacy,” professor Gary Okihiro explains, “the pineapple tendered the comforts of sun-kissed lands, soft ocean breezes, nature’s abundance, sensuality, and the sweet scent of paradise.”. He also was instrumental in establishing the Hawaii Fruit and Packing Company, a small cannery near Honolulu in 1892. The 1898 annexation of Hawai’i by the US revoked the 35% duty on Hawaiian canned pineapple while 1300 acres of homesteads in Wahiawa, located in central Oahu, were made available under new laws. The members of this huge plant family, indigenous to the Americas, are the most diversely colored and shaped botanicals in … We are here to offer you top quality service and support everyday. It became the largest plantation in the world with 20,000 acres of pineapple under cultivation. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. The maze is crafted with over 14,000 colorful native Hawaiian and other plants. They’re famous pineapple ice cream, Dole Whip, is also not to be missed! Our plantings in 1923, if extended in a straight line, would have made a double row from New York to San Francisco”. By this time, some began to doubt the sustainability of the sugar industry, and began instead to advocate for the commercial potential of tropical fruits like pineapple. Though the story is hard to confirm we do know that Captain Cook, using captured Spanish maps to explore the Pacific, arrived on the Big Island in 1778. Maui Gold Pineapples are unique to the island of Maui with high sugar content and low acidity. Candidate in U.S. History and Women’s, Gender, and Sexuality Studies at the Pennsylvania State University. The Dole Pineapple Plantation grew from a small fruit stand started in 1950 in the middle of James Dole’s original pineapple fields. Oahu Private Tours by Jeep, Van or Mercedes Sprinters. - See 6,067 traveler reviews, 4,628 candid photos, and great deals for Wahiawa, HI, at Tripadvisor. The Plantation Grille serves local plate lunch favorites as well as hot dogs and hamburgers. These workers often lived in company housing—modeled after sugar plantation communities—where they were subject to “sometimes heavy-handed paternalistic supervision” under the plantation managers. Experience Pearl Harbor tour, Polynesian Cultural Center Tour plus Dole Plantation in Oahu, Hawaii. Using large mechanized machines and immigrant Filipino workers, Dole was able to reduce the price of his canned pineapples to such a level that it drove other producers out of business. In the early years, the Hawaiian Pineapple Company was producing around 45,000 cans per season, an output that climbed to nearly 5 million cans of fruit and juice per day by 1957, according to Henry Arthur White’s biography of Dole. You’ll see Pearl Harbor, the Dole Plantation, and the Polynesian Cultural Center. Dole Plantation: Pineapples! If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. Dole’s advertisements not only reinforce stereotypes of racial inferiority by exoticizing (and often sexualizing) Hawaiian people, they also appropriate Hawaiian traditions for white amusement and consumption. Eventually, the superior Hawaiian pineapple would make its arduous journey from a rare delicacy for the wealthy to a popular household staple enjoyed across the U.S. English immigrant John Kidwell started the first pineapple plantation in the Manoa Valley on the island of Oahu in 1885. He lived in Honolulu until his death in 1922. Then, in 1989, a plantation-style home was built to serve as a living museum to James Dole’s work and to welcome pineapple lovers from around the globe. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. Polynesian Cultural Center and Pearl Harbor Tour. I was so excited, and even a little bit surprised when I saw how much the Dole Planation has to offer. In 1989, just two years before the closure of the last Dole cannery in Honolulu, the plantation opened its doors to the public as the “Hawaii’s Complete Pineapple Experience.” Today, it is the second most visited attraction on Oahu. By the 1930s, Native Hawaiian people were depicted not only as harvesters of the product, but as part of the product itself, their bodies used to lend a certain authenticity to the fruit. Take A Hawaii Grown Dole Pineapple Home! He experimented with different crops on the land he bought in central Oahu, eventually settling on growing pineapples. I went to the Dole Plantation to try out all of the activities to see if it is worth visiting. These trends, of the white consumer in the foreground with “natural,” sometimes subservient, and oftentimes faceless or indistinguishable Hawaiians in the background, are replicated countless times in the decades that follow. Blocking some types of cookies book now as there is no easier to. 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